The Role of Muhammad Al-Fatih in Building Turkish Civilization


  • Do'ana Adinda Nalurita Universitas Islam Lamongan, Indonesia
  • Nicky Estu Putu Muchtar Universitas Islam Lamongan, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Abu Bakar Government Islamia College, Chiniot, Pakistan



Muhammad Al Fatih, Biography, Ottoman Türkiye


The Ottoman Turks were a nomadic tribe, often referred to as a nomadic nation. The Ottoman Turkish dynasty originated from the Qoyigh Oghus tribe, which inhabited the regions of Mongolia and northern China for approximately three centuries. They then migrated to Turkistan, Persia, and Iraq. They embraced Islam in the 9th or 10th centuries while they were settled in Central Asia. This research aims to explore the history of the Ottoman Turkish civilization founded by Sultan Muhammad Al-Fatih. They helped Sultan Alaudin II defeat Byzantium and were rewarded with the region of Asia Minor. Since then, they started developing their new territory. After Ertoghul died, leadership was continued by his sons Uthman, Orkhan, Murad I, Beyazid, Mehmed I, Murad II, and Mehmed II, among others. The idea of conquering Constantinople began to take shape during Orkhan's era and was realized during the time of Mehmed II (Muhammad Al-Fatih). The conquest of Constantinople was motivated by the Ottoman Turks' desire to control international trade activities in the area, destroy the dominance of Byzantium, the Eastern Roman Empire, and the Middle East region, and emphasize the strength of Islam's influence in the international world.


Download data is not yet available.


Badwi, A. (2018). Sejarah Pendidikan Islam Di Kerjaan Turki Usmani. Ash-Shahabah : Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Studi Islam, 4(1), 92–97.

Dewi, A. S., Irham, M. I., & Wanto, S. (2023). Muhammad Al-Fatih’s Conquest of Constantinople: Strategies and Implications. Jurnal Sosiologi USK (Media Pemikiran & Aplikasi), 17(1), 11–19.

Fabbe, K. (2019). Disciples of the State?: Religion and State-Building in the Former Ottoman World (1st ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Fatarib, H., Meirison, M., Saharuddin, D., Bahar, M., & Karimullah, S. S. (2023). Sultan’s Law and Islamic Sharia in The Ottoman Empire Court: An Analysis of The Existence of Secular Law. Al-Istinbath: Jurnal Hukum Islam, 8(1 May), 117–134.

Freely, J. (2019). Muhammad al-Fatih: Sang Penakluk Konstantinopel. Pustaka Alvabet.

Jamsari, E. A., & Isa, A. D. M. (2014). Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih: Ottoman’s Great Strategic Planner.

Meirison, M. (2019). Religious Tolerance in the Ottoman Empire. Nurani: Jurnal Kajian Syari’ah Dan Masyarakat, 19(2), 185–198.

Merican, A. M., & Akgun, T. (2023). The Consciousness of Turkiye in Malaysia: Ottoman History in Malaysian Secondary History Textbooks (1989-2022). Al-Shajarah: Journal of the International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC), 28(2), 281–313.

Munzir, M., Artianasari, N., & Ismail, M. (2023). Sejarah Kerajaan Turki Usmani: CARITA: Jurnal Sejarah Dan Budaya, 1(2), 159–176.

Nurjannah, N., & Nurhalisa, S. (2024). Analysis of Da’wah Speech Acts in the Film Muhammad Al Fath. Jurnal Scientia, 13(02), 1600–1610.

Putra, D. I. A. (2022). Recognizing an Islamic Hero: The Quran-Hadith’s Vision about Muhammad al-Fatih In Indonesian Comics. Ulumuna, 26(1), 119–144.

Putri, R., Daulay, H. P., & Dahlan, Z. (2021). Peradaban dan Pemikiran Islam pada Masa Turki Utsmani. Tazkir: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Dan Keislaman, 7(1), 35–48.

Rahman, F. (2018). Sejarah Perkembangan Islam di Turki. Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam, 10(2), 289–308.

Ramadoni, M. D. (2022). Pembaruan Strategi Militer Muhammad Al-Fatih Dalam Penaklukan Konstantinopel. Tanjak: Sejarah Dan Peradaban Islam, 2(3), 266–281.

Saputra, D. A. B., Khozin, K., & Nurhakim, M. (2024). Implementasi Kepemimpinan Transformasional Muhammad Al-Fatih dalam Pendidikan. TSAQOFAH, 4(2), 1070–1076.

Sidqi, K. Z. T., Zulfa, L. N., & Larhzizer, F. (2023). Religious moderation in the glorious era (reality of religious tolerance and protection during the Ottoman Empire). ATTARBIYAH: Journal of Islamic Culture and Education, 8(2), 175–188.

Uliyah, T. (2021). Kepemimpinan Kerajaan Turki Utsmani: Kemajuan Dan Kemundurannya. JURNAL AN-NUR: Kajian Ilmu-Ilmu Pendidikan Dan Keislaman, 7(02), 324–333